Contribution of max weber and karl marx towards sociology max weber: max weber was born in 1864 in germany in the beginning, he studied law later, he shifted to the study of social sciences. For the past few years, the increase in cases of political corruption, the loss of politicians credibility, the development of social and political forms of pathology (notably the rise of the extreme right along with exclusionist ideologies), and the role of the state have been at the center of political debates. As a founder of sociology, max weber influenced the social sciences immensely in his politics as a vocation, weber claims that one of the definitions of the state is its ability to employ legitimate violence as a means of control in a given territory1 he also claims that one can define the.
Peculiarities of both marxism and political science marx concentrated most of his mature efforts on the capitalist economy but even aside from essays on 0rench and 2nglish politics and the early criti%ue of 3egel there is a lot more on the state in his. In political science, legitimacy is the right and acceptance of an authority, usually a governing law or a régimewhereas authority denotes a specific position in an established government, the term legitimacy denotes a system of government—wherein government denotes sphere of influence. However, just as hobbes' idealized account of legitimacy of the modern state contained certain hidden nonideal truths about its origins and legitimacy, marx and engels' account hides certain ideal speculations pertaining to the revolutionary consciousness of the proletariat, the materialist conception of history, and the post-revolutionary. Belief in the legitimacy of the actions of the dominant individual or group is likely (although this is defined by weber as authority) that is, the particular claim to legitimacy is to a significant degree and according to its type treated as 'valid' (weber, p 214.
The legitimacy of colonialism has been a longstanding concern for political and moral philosophers in the western tradition at least since the crusades and the conquest of the americas, political theorists have struggled with the difficulty of reconciling ideas about justice and natural law with the practice of european sovereignty over non. The centralized political system and planned economy showed various obvious shortcomings, such as totalitarian rule, political privileges and political struggles it led to the legitimacy crisis, or says, crisis of faith, of people toward socialism/communism. Max weber's views on law are best understood in relation to his general analysis of types of political authority weber provided, amongst other elements of his political sociology, a conceptual framework for systematic analysis of the role of law in securing political legitimacy.
Max weber's theory of legitimacy today part ii - max weber on socialism and political radicalism 4 capitalism and socialism: weber's dialogue with marx 5 joining the underdogs. Legitimacy that underpins marx's critique of the state has been entirely neglected in this paper, i try to remedy this gap efore explaining how, a few clarifications arb e in. Political system in which leaders and representatives acquire political power by means of a competitive struggle for people's votes marxist theory created by karl marx the idea that those who control the economy have control over the government as well. Similarly, coser (1971) put forward that according to marx, religion, the state, political economy and all the other institutional spheres were marked by a condition of alienation and these different aspects were interdependent.
In marxist sociopolitical thought, the dictatorship of the proletariat is a state of affairs in which the proletariat, or the working class, has control of political power. The three types of legitimate rule (die drei reinen typen der legitimen herrschaft) is an essay written by max weber, a german economist and sociologist, explaining his tripartite classification of authority. Legitimacy: political to obey commands ('imperative control') an administrative staﬀ, for instance, may obey commands because of custom, aﬀectual ties, or material incentives he argued, however, that compliance or obedience also typically requires a belief in the legitimacy of the system of rule or command.
Arguably the foremost social theorist of the twentieth century, max weber is known as a principal architect of modern social science along with karl marx and emil durkheim. These two concepts (i e legitimacy and obligation) are again associated with the stability of the political system if the citizens feel that the foundation of the political system has no legitimacy they can reasonably refuse to show obedience or may withdraw the obedience which they showed earlier. Legitimacy, we may begin to create more integral political narratives when such narratives inform political leadership, authentic leadership is more likely to formulate other choices to.
Abstract in the western context political legitimation refers in the main to certain processes (and their doctrinal underpinning) whereby state and governmental power and policy-decisions are rendered morally acceptable to the governed, so that there may be conformity without coercion. A political ideology - associated with figures such as william godwin, pierre-joseph proudhon, mikhail bakunin, & peter kropotkin - that denies the legitimacy of the state, which is seen as an instrument of class oppression preventing people from realising their true potential as naturally co-operative, mutually concerned beings.
The ideas of marx have never been more relevant than they are today this is reflected in the thirst for marxist theory at the present time in this article, alan woods deals with the main ideas of karl marx and their relevance to the crisis we're passing through today. Legitimation crisis - neo-marxist habermas - legitimacy of a political system could collapsed because of the pressures created by democracy and capitalism democracy - voting becomes a means of consumerism. Its legitimacy has been repeatedly brought into question throughout its six-decade rule, especially during political upheavals such as the disastrous great leap forward and the cultural revolution. Gramsci and hegemony the idea of a 'third face of power', or 'invisible power' has its roots partly, in marxist thinking about the pervasive power of ideology, values and beliefs in reproducing class relations and concealing contradictions (heywood, 1994: 100.